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Acacia catechu Linn.
  • Family : Mimosaceae
  • English : Cutch tree
  • Hindi : Khair, Khaira
  • Gujarati : Khadir
  • Sanskrit : Khadirah

  • Part used : Bark

Botanical Description: A moderate sized deciduos tree, 9-12m in height with dark greyish or brown rough bark and hooked short spines, leaves bipinnately compound, leaflets 30-50 pairs, main rachius pubesecent with a large conspicuous gland near the middle of the rachis; flowers pale yellow, sessile in peduncled axillary spikes; fruits flat brown pods, shiny and with a triangular beak at the apex and narrowed at the base; seeds 3-10 per pod. The gimmy extract of the wood is commercially known as kath or cutch. Flowering and fruiting is from June to Febuary. It is found in the Eastern slopes of Western Ghats, AP, Bihar, Punjab and Himalayas.

Ayurvedic Properties and Uses:

  • Rasa : Tikta, Kasaya
  • Guna : Laghu, Ruksa
  • Virya : Sita
  • Vipaka : Katu
  • Karma : Krmighna, Kushaghna, Medohara, Raktasodhaka, Kaphapittahara,Dantaya

Modern Pharmacological Action: antibacterial agent, antimycotic activity