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Achyranthes aspera Linn.
  • Family : Amaranthaceae
  • Synonyms : A. argentea
  • English : Prickly chaff flower plant
  • Hindi : Chirchita, chichinda
  • Gujarati : Aghedo
  • Sanskrit : Apamarg, Shikri, Aaghat etc

  • Part used : Panchang

Botanical Description: An erect much branched suffruticose or diffuse annual herb/shrub uptp1m in height with quadrangular striate pubescent branches, thickened just above the nodes; leaves simple, opposite, exstipulate, velvety tomentose, orbicular, obovate or elliptic, 10cm long and 7.5cm broad, flowers bracteate and bracteolate, greenish, deflexed in slender spikes often 45cm long, fruits easily disarticulating oblong urticle, seeds single and inverse. Flowering and fruiting from August to November.
It is found throughout India, along the road sides and waste places as well.

Ayurvedic Properties and Uses:

  • Rasa : Katu, Tikta
  • Guna : Sara, Tiksna
  • Virya : Usna
  • Vipaka : Katu
  • Karma : Dipana, Kaphahara, Vatahara, Medohara, Chedana, Pacana,Vamaka,Sirovirechan

Modern Pharmacological Action: Antimicrobial and antifungal potential, insect molting hormonal activity, anti-fertility agent. The plant has been reported to have cancer chemopreventive activity and antitumor property, Anti-inflammatory activity of A. aspera has been reported. The plant has shown antioxidant activity in different investigations. Anti-arthritic activity of Achyranthine from A. aspera has been reported. It also showed wound healing activity, antidandruff activity, Neuropharmacological activity, Anti snake venom activity, Cardiac activity etc.