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Andrographis paniculata Burm.f.
  • Family : Acanthaceae
  • English : Green chiretta, Kalmegh
  • Hindi : Kalmegh, Kalpaaath
  • Gujarati : Lilu Kariyatu
  • Sanskrit : Bhunimbah, Kiratatiktah

  • Part used : Aerial

Botanical Description1: An erect branched annual herb, 25 – 80 cm in height with quadrangular branches, leaves simple, opposite, lanceolate, acute at both ends, glabrous, main nerves 46 pairs, flowers small, pale but blotched and spotted with brown and purple distant in lax spreading axillary and terminal racemes or panicles, calyx-lobes glandular pubescent anthers bearded at the base; fruits linear capsules, acute at both ends; seeds numerous, yellowish brown. Flowering and fruiting from August to Febuary.

They are found throughout India, in the plains and in forests.

Modern Pharmacological Action: The hepatoprotective effect of the water extract of Kalmegh and the active principle andrographolide has been studied. Carbon tetrachloride included change in GOT and GPT in serum and liver was prevented by pretreatment with a single oral dose of leaf extract or andrographolide in rats. Both leaf extract and andrographolide in a single oral dose also inhibited the microsomal lipid peroxidation induced by carbon tetrachloride. The effect of aqueous extract on the bile flow in albino rats was compared with phenobarbitone. Significant increase in liver rates was also observed

Our Products containing this ingredient:

  • Vasuliv Tablet
  • Vasuliv Syrup
  • Andrographis paniculata Capsule