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Elettaria cardamomum Linn
  • Family : Zingiberaceae
  • English : Cardamom
  • Hindi : Elachi
  • Gujarati : Elaichi
  • Sanskrit : Ela, Triputa

  • Part used : Fruit

Botanical Description:  A tall herbaceous perrenial with subterranean branching root stock, 1.5-5m in height; leaves subsessile, elliptic or lanceolate with sheathing base; flowers in panicles which are many for a plant arising from the base of the vegetative shoots, upright first and becoming prostrate, lip of the corolla white, streaked with violet; fruits trilocular, subglobose capsules, marked with many fine vertical ribs, seeds 15-20 per pod, brownish black covered by a thin mucilagenous membrane. Flowering and fruiting from August to Febuary.

It is found throughout South India and other places.

Ayurvedic Properties and Uses:

  • Rasa : Madhura, Katu
  • Guna : Laghu
  • Virya : Sita
  • Vipaka : Madhura
  • Karma : Anulomana, Dipana, Hrdya, Mutrala, Rocana

Modern Pharmacological Action: The plant exhibits Analgesic effects, Anti-cancer, Anti-inflammatory effects. Essential oil from cardamom was evaluated to have some inhibition for each of the test strains that included Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Yersinia enterocolitica, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Lactobacillus plantarum, Aspergillus niger, Geotrichum, and Rhodotorula. Cardamom extracts have also been found to be pro-oxidants. The in vitro and in vivo effect of pretreatment by cardamom oil, a crude drug extract, in ethanol/water vehicles on the transdermal delivery of indomethacin was investigated and showed that have dermatological effect.

Our Products containing this ingredient

  • Chandraprabha Powder
  • Gandhak Rasayana
  • Mahanarayan Oil
  • Narayan Oil
  • Sapta Amrut Loha
Our Products containing this ingredient
Elaichi Paste liquied Extract
  • Caspa Drops
  • Pep Up Syrup